Russia and Ukraine – War and Peace 2022

Matthew 24: For nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom, and there will be famines and earthquakes in place after place; All this is but the beginning [the early pains] of the birth pangs [of the intolerable anguish]. And the love of the great body of people will grow cold because of the multiplied lawlessness and iniquity, But he who endures to the end will be saved.

As the conflict in Ukraine dominates the headlines, it is reasonable to ponder the causes of what transpired. Many people disagree about whether the Russians had to get involved and whether they would have gotten involved anyway.

Ukraine and Russia are at war, resulting in the deaths of thousands of people.

  • What are the underlying reasons for this conflict?
  • Is this the beginning of the Third World War?
  • Or is it much more complicated?

This essay will examine the origins of the conflict between Russia and Ukraine. You will learn about two different ways of looking at this problem, as well as where the disagreement came from and how it might change in the future.

This will provide a greater insight into what could occur in 2022.

Why the Ukraine-Russia War Began

Russia and Ukraine, which are both involved in the Ukrainian crisis that is getting worse, have a long history of fighting.

In hindsight, it appears that conflict was inevitable. The two states have never been amicable neighbors, and they have been on a collision path for the last two decades.

Since 2014, when a series of protests known as the “Euromaidan” started in the Ukrainian capital, Kiev, Ukraine has been involved in a large-scale domestic war.

After Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych rejected the Association Agreement with the European Union on November 21, 2013, and turned his back on Russia, protesters rushed to the streets.

On November 22, 2013, demonstrators and police engaged in a conflict. Protesters erected barricades, seized City Hall, and encircled the legislature building. At first, the Euromaidan protests were peaceful, but in January 2014, they turned violent because the parliament did not pass many laws that were meant to punish the protesters.

The violence erupted as police dispersed a Euromaidan supporters’ rally. The situation in Ukraine became fatal on February 18 when the Ukrainian parliament introduced anti-protest laws (which were later repealed).

Viktor Yanukovych, the president of Ukraine, refused to sign agreements with Europe and had to flee to Russia for his safety.

Donetsk and Luhansk, which are in Ukraine and are sometimes called “Donbass,” held protests against the coup.

The self-proclaimed Donetsk and Luhansk People’s Republics (DNR and LNR, respectively) and the Ukrainian government went to war after these protests.

The armed confrontation started on February 20, 2014, when residents of Donbass seized the buildings of the regional state administration in Donetsk in protest of the illegitimate shift of power. A few days later, the same occurred in Luhansk (LNR).

The territories of Donetsk and Luhansk proclaimed independence from Ukraine and are now known as Novorossiya (New Russia). Ethnic Russians living in these areas started this movement because they wanted to join Russia and become Russian citizens.

In March 2014, Russia seized Crimea. This occurred following a vote in which more than 95% of the people approved the proposition.

So, Russia protected the Russian people who lived in Crimea, who were in danger from the government in Kiev.

Thousands of people perished as a consequence of the eight-year conflict and incessant bombardment in Donbass, 2014–2022. Numerous individuals have lost their houses and valuables.

Donetsk and other parts of eastern Ukraine saw a lot of violence and damage, and many civilians, including children, died as a result.

The Minsk II peace deal of 2015 failed to end the armed conflict or grant Kiev control of eastern Ukraine.

Additional causes of Ukraine’s suffering in 2022

Ukraine is also experiencing a severe economic crisis as a result of years of mismanagement, corruption, and a lack of reforms that have led to a tremendous debt burden. Since the beginning of 2014, the value of Ukrainian hryvnia has dropped by more than half.

The NATO membership of Ukraine has also been the subject of fierce controversy in the nation. According to recent surveys, the majority of Ukrainians reject NATO membership. But leaders of Ukraine have said that their country will try to join NATO in the future.

The European Union, the U.S., Canada, Australia, and Japan all put economic sanctions on Russia. At first, these sanctions were only against individuals, but over time, they grew to include whole economic sectors.

The eight-year Ukrainian struggle ushered in a new era of East-West strife.

The US and Russia have been rivals for most of the 20th century, but recent events in Ukraine could lead to a direct military confrontation between the two superpowers.

Today, the United States and Europe are delivering armaments to Kiev, but this is unlikely to alter the course of the conflict. Furthermore, it will simply exacerbate the problem. Eventually, something may occur that may spark a wider fight.

We are facing the biggest, most complicated, and most important crisis the world has seen since the end of the Cold War.

Nevertheless, we must be clear about what this crisis is not yet:

It is not a danger to Europe’s very existence;

Neither do we see a new Cold War.

It is essential to comprehend the nature of this geopolitical conflict so as not to under-or exaggerate its importance or exacerbate the situation.

The core of the Russia-Ukraine conflict

In February 2022, Russian troops declared a special military operation, thus initiating their involvement. The Ukrainian military was assaulted by Russian soldiers significantly superior in training and equipment.

The Russian air force started an air assault against the AFU, inflicting substantial casualties on the Ukrainian air force and escalating the war. There is currently intense combat throughout the whole front.

At first appearance, Russia seems to be boldly invading and seizing control of Ukraine. But let’s dig deeper.

Here are two perspectives that are radically opposed on why Russia initiated hostilities.

Ukraine: “This is a fight to rebuild the Soviet Union.”

Here are the perspectives of Ukraine and the West as a whole: “Russia wants to rebuild the Soviet Union. Russia attacked Ukraine because it wanted to get more land at the expense of Ukraine, regardless of what happened.

As Ukraine was previously a part of the Soviet Union, Russia wants to regain authority over it. This is President Putin’s strategy as he seeks full authority.

If Russia has invaded Ukraine, that won’t stop it from taking over all the countries in the area, including those in Eastern Europe and the Baltics, in the future.

Even though the Soviet Union broke up at the end of 1991, Russia still sees other countries as “nominal allies.”

Russia wants to re-establish the Soviet sphere of influence over its neighbors and re-establish itself on the international scene.

The reason so much effort is devoted to Ukrainian politics is straightforward: Vladimir Putin wants Ukraine to join his Russian Empire. And above all else, he desires the restoration of the USSR, or at least the Soviet Union 2.0 under Russian leadership.”

Russia: “We Will Save Russians in Donbass.”

Russia’s response: “Russia was compelled to act because Russians in Ukraine were being persecuted and Russia was obligated to defend them.

In 2014, Ukraine rose against the administration of President Viktor Yanukovych, who had come to office legitimately in 2010 but was seen by many Ukrainians as being excessively pro-Russian. Yanukovich was forced to flee to Russia after the deadly coup, and a strong anti-Russian government was set up in Ukraine.

This new government started to target ethnic Russians in eastern Ukraine for speaking Russian and for being more loyal to Russia than to Ukraine.

As a consequence, Ukrainian nationalists assaulted Russians residing in Donbass for eight years, while the Ukrainian government did little to stop them. Russia was compelled to act.

Russia stepped in to protect the rights of ethnic Russians who had been hurt by the Ukrainian army and nationalist groups.

Even if they don’t have Russian passports, Russia is entitled to protect Russians who live abroad.

There are still many ethnic Russians in eastern Ukraine who feel their land belongs to Russia and not Ukraine.

Regarding Crimea, Russia never invaded it. The people of Crimea voted decisively to join the Russian Federation. There are ten times as many ethnic Russians as ethnic Ukrainians in Crimea, making the vote very democratic.

The United States and NATO have provoked Russia for years. In an attempt to surround Russia, they have been waging an aggressive military buildup in Eastern Europe and the Baltic nations. A fake media campaign about a supposed threat from Russia is helping to back up these military provocations.

The coup sponsored by the United States in Kiev was an act of aggression against the legitimate Ukrainian government. Who was the attacker? The U.S. and its allies or Russia?”

Ukraine: “Russia’s objective is to demonstrate its military might.”

“Vladimir Putin’s primary objective is to demonstrate Russia’s military might and protect its authority by unifying the nation against a shared foe.

Putin is trying to remind the U.S. and Europe that Russia is still an important player in world affairs and can’t be ignored or left out of the picture.

The objective of the Russian Federation is to keep its neighbors weak and fragmented, preventing them from gaining the strength to withstand a Russian invasion.

As a response to political tensions in Ukraine, the Russian military has held a lot of large-scale and unexpected drills.

These frequent drills are Russia’s method of keeping NATO on edge.

Then, what is Putin doing? He wants to demonstrate to the world that Russia is powerful and that he has succeeded in strengthening it.”

Russia: “There has been a civil war in Ukraine for eight years.”

At the direction of the United States, the Ukrainian government is using an illegal and illegitimate regime change to start a civil war against its own people.

The civil war in Ukraine is mostly an act of aggression by outsiders who want to make the country unstable by causing its economy to fall apart.

The Ukrainian government is corrupt and neoliberal, and the US wants to keep its control over the area by using Ukraine as a base for future military action against Russia.

The US wants to take advantage of Ukraine’s many natural resources and is using Russia as a scapegoat to do so.

The Ukrainian administration is willing to perpetrate crimes against its people to maintain power.

And the US pays for these crimes by giving them money and weapons, so they can keep happening until they reach their goal of taking full control of Ukraine.

The US wants to use Ukraine as a base to put pressure on Russia in the future, or if that doesn’t work, to invade Russia and take its huge natural resources.

The U.S. needs Ukraine as a pawn in its game against Russia, and this game has been continuing since 2014, when Russia was sanctioned for supposedly violating international law in the “invasion of Crimea.”

The nations are also conducting propaganda efforts using social media platforms such as Twitter and Facebook to disseminate false information about the situation to conceal the extent of their involvement in this war. This is all part of their strategy to economically undermine Russia so that after seizing control of Ukraine, Russia would have no money left.

In addition, the United States wants Ukraine because of its strategic location. Situated between Europe and Asia, Ukraine is vital for both commercial lines and the military.”

Ukraine: “Russia is a power-hungry and avaricious country.”

“Russia is a rapacious country with its sights set on the White House. Since the 1950s, the Russian Federation has interfered in American elections. The trouble is that they’ve become more and more skilled at it, and now they’re attacking the American democratic system itself.

The acquisition of Crimea helped Putin win domestic support, and his engagement in Syria gave him a platform in the Middle East from which to expand Russian authority globally. He helped Iran and North Korea keep going, so they could go up against the United States.

As ties between the United States and Russia have deteriorated, Russia has sought new allies, some of whom are America’s opponents. Russia’s business ties with China have grown, and Russia has offered to sell China its advanced S-400 Triumf anti-aircraft system, which, if put in place in Asia, could put U.S. planes in danger.

The acts of Russia are those of a nation seeking hegemony, with global aspirations that endanger American interests.”

Russia: “We were unable to tolerate the prospect of NATO enlargement and possible nuclear war.”

“Russia sees the growth of NATO as a threat to its very existence that would lead to war (nuclear war) right away if nothing is done to stop it.

Moscow is worried Ukraine will join NATO and establish military outposts along its border.

Russia’s participation was precipitated by NATO’s eastward expansion and is a reaction to Ukraine’s provocations that it would cease to serve as a buffer state between the EU and Russia.

Russia took steps to stop Ukraine from joining NATO, which is similar to what the US would do to stop Mexico or Canada from making a military alliance with Russia and letting Russia put military bases on their land.

There is no proof that the Russian president desires a Soviet Union revival. Yes, he wants the buffer zone back, but he wants to avoid taking over any more former Soviet republics or satellite countries.

But Russia does not want Western soldiers on its borders either.

Even if Russia had no legal responsibility to defend the Donbass population, it would have a moral commitment to do so! Donbass’ residents speak Russian and have historically been a part of the Russian Federation.

The Ukrainian problem is grave and must be addressed peacefully.

The United States should be governed by the interests of Ukrainians and Russians, rather than the agendas of European and American administrations.

The Western media characterize Russia’s moves as “aggression” and an effort to resurrect the Soviet Union. However, Russia has genuine security and economic concerns.”

Ukraine’s four alternative perspectives on Russia’s invasion

  • Russia wants to get to the Black Sea and the Mediterranean by taking over Ukraine’s ports and stealing its energy and natural resources.
  • “Ukraine has rich natural gas reserves that justify the associated risk. As long as Putin maintains control over Ukraine, Russia will have a great deal of power over the several European nations that rely on its oil resources.”
  • Russia is enraged by Ukraine’s increased emphasis on the EU and its resistance to Russian meddling in Ukraine’s domestic affairs.
  • Any effort by the West to govern former Soviet regions contravenes Moscow’s geopolitical philosophy.

Russia’s Six Other Perspectives on the Armed Conflict

Both Russia and Ukraine have

  • Cultural,
  • Linguistic,
  • Historical
  • With geographical connections.

This makes them one nation and one people.

  • Russia is preserving its and the world’s future from nuclear warfare. It is attempting to avoid a nuclear disaster and World War III by executing a preemptive attack (which would have happened if Ukraine, with its nationalist government and anti-Russian sentiment, had joined NATO).
  • The Russian government is attempting to remove the criminal dictatorship from its neighbor, Ukraine. After the 2014 coup in Ukraine, outlawed in Russia, neo-Nazi groups such as Svoboda, UNA-UNSO, Right Sector, National Corps, and the Rukh Voluntev, the UUN, gained a significant number of members in parliament.

These groups’ founders advocated the establishment of a “corporatist-syndicalist” state, which was essentially Nazi rule.

  • Lavrov, Russian Foreign Minister: “We did not begin this conflict. We are completing it.

It is time to end the conflict, since it has been going on for a very long time.

  • Considering the battle with Nazi Germany, military intervention in Ukraine should be considered a preventive strike. Recently, the Russian president warned that Russia would not repeat the “error” of appeasing the Soviet Union’s foes, Nazi Germany, before World War II. Such an adversary strategy was a blunder, and Russia cannot afford to repeat it.
  • The self-fulfilling slogan of the West. Despite Russia’s assertion that it would not strike and its pleas for negotiations, the United States and NATO remained certain that Russia would attack Ukraine. Thus, the United States and NATO hastened Kiev’s weaponry and escalated the war.

As if on cue, all the U.S.’s allies put sanctions on Russia overnight in an attempt to choke off its economy.

The Western narrative of Russian aggression was viewed by Russia as a collective Western preparation for an attack.

When will hostilities conclude?

Who will finish the conflict, and will Russia terminate its military operation?

We think that the Russian military will stay in Ukraine until they have reached the goals they have said they want to reach.

“The total liberation of the Donbass and the eradication of all Nazi vestiges in the nation. The prosecution of those who have issued slaughter orders in the Donbass for years.”

When this will occur is difficult to predict.

There is a chance that the objectives will be met between winter 2022 and spring 2023.

Before a political resolution can be found, Ukraine must guarantee that members of Nazi battalions and supporters of Bandera and Shukhevich are brought to justice.

Since several years ago, the Investigative Committee of the Russian Federation has kept track of every victim, blockage, and terrorist attack in the DNR and LNR.

Every commander who issues violent instructions is identified by name. Russia has also charged people for each terrorist act in Ukraine, as well as the murders of journalists and other public figures.

As was the case in Chechnya, Russia is unlikely to send suspects in the war with Ukraine to The Hague; instead, they will be tried by a Russian military tribunal.

Peace must be achieved in Ukraine before free and fair elections may be conducted. The Ukrainian people must choose leaders who are not contaminated by blood or complicity with a criminal dictatorship, and who are prepared to strive for peace.

It seems probable that Ukraine will continue to exist as a nation-state, but its status and boundaries are up for discussion. It might become a federation of territories, where each resident is free to think and communicate in their own tongue.

The Donbass republics, which have been given independence, will probably choose to join Russia. After the referendum, other areas will have a similar chance.

Will there be a third global conflict?

Currently, the relationship between the West and Russia is perhaps the most perilous in the world. There is a lengthy history of mutual mistrust between both parties.

Furthermore, both NATO and the Russian Federation are making their military stronger on both sides of Europe’s borders. This makes it more likely that a small incident could quickly turn into a full-scale nuclear war.

This may signal the end of mankind. As the number of nuclear weapons and technological advancements rises, so does our capacity to kill ourselves utterly.

An accidental or intentional nuclear launch by a single country might result in a devastating nuclear war, which would be “Armageddon.”

This subject is on the minds of many as the United States and Russia “lock horns” over the Ukraine war.

Nevertheless, both sides contend that a conflict is not likely at this moment.

When the United States and Russia argue about who is accountable for this crisis, it is easy to understand how a little error may escalate into an uncontrollable scenario.

“World War III will be nuclear and catastrophic,” claimed Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov. “Vice President Biden is a person of considerable experience, and he has already said that the only option to war is sanctions.”

Conclusion

There are several causes for the conflict between Russia and Ukraine, and it is probable that some of these causes overlap.

In the end, I want to remind you that the point of this essay is to encourage you to learn more about this important topic from reliable sources.

Clearly, things have been getting worse between the two countries for a long time, and Russia’s involvement was bound to happen at some point.

Even so, it makes sense to wonder how this conflict started and if we can predict when or where the next one will happen.

It is crucial that we avoid the errors that led to this war by learning from history. Regardless of the position you choose.

Here are some considerations to bear in mind:

  • Russia is distinct from the Soviet Union.
  • Putin, though, is not Stalin.
  • Even though it’s likely that Russia will keep doing what it’s doing in Ukraine, this won’t lead to a new Cold War.

Whether you agree with the writer’s perspective, I hope this essay has helped you better comprehend the Russia-Ukraine war that occupies your television.

Lastly, the future is difficult to foretell. We can only make an educated guess and hope that it is accurate.

Given what you know and what you don’t know, it’s up to you to choose which scenario appears more likely.

Let us pray for the end of the conflict in Ukraine, and may there be peace!

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