The New Testament books are the source of much of our information about the life of Jesus, and the history of the early church. The books in this list represent four of the five genres found in ancient literature:
- gospels, and
Most people have heard of the 4 Gospels of the New Testament — Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John. They’re the core of what make up the teachings of Jesus and are a significant part of the Christian faith. But there are other books written in the New Testament that may not be as well known.
Many people may have heard these names mentioned at one time or another, and they are familiar with the books themselves, but beyond that, they don’t really know the details behind them.
I’d like to take some time and explain the books that comprise the New Testament and give you a picture a little clearer than what you’ve seen before.
It makes the Bible complete by the New Testament because many things that were prophesied in the Old Testament manifest in it. Some Bible scholars say that the Old Testament conceals the New Testament that then reveals the Old Testament.
How many books are in the New Testament
We can classify 27 books according to authorship, target group, and time in history in the Christian calendar.
The first four books of the New Testament are called “Gospels” and are named after their writers who lived with Jesus. These books give details on the life, teachings, death, and resurrection of Jesus Christ.
The life of Jesus is often declared as the Good News to the world. Good News because Jesus Christ suits every situation a person can ever experience.
Throughout His life, Jesus revealed who God is, how He thinks, His desires, and His plan for humankind. Jesus summarily revealed that God’s purpose for sending Him on earth was to win souls for God.
The book of ‘Acts’, which detail Acts of the Apostles and other exciting stories in the history of Christianity, follows and outlines relevant details on how the churches fared in the times after Jesus had left this world.
Luke, who also wrote the Gospel of Luke, wrote this book.
Bible scholars are not sure who authors the book of Hebrews, but it is believed to be written by Paul. Thus, the book of Hebrews is called a general epistle. This epistle goes deep and gives details about the requirement of holiness.
Four different known writers added books to the Bible; one by James, two by Peter, three by John, and one by Jude.
The last book of the New Testament, and the final for the entire Bible, is the book of Revelation. Just as God had spoken to Paul through a revelation at the time Paul converted, God did the same by giving John a revelation, which was then recorded in this book.
List of Books of the New Testament
What is the difference between the Old and New Testaments?
Books of the New Testament are good enough to lead a person into God’s eternal life. This is because the entire plan for God to save souls is applied today, as recorded in these 27 books.
This is not to imply that the Old Testament is not relevant, but the New Testament is central to the completion of God’s plan for humanity.
What are the 5 main books in the NT?
New Testament books in chronological order
The following is a list of the books of the New Testament in chronological order. The list is based on the traditional order of the canon. The word “canon” means “law,” and it refers to the standard by which Christians interpret Scripture. The canon is a list of books that are considered authoritative by the church.
Gospels – Matthew, Mark, Luke, John
Acts of the Apostles
Epistles – Romans, 1 Corinthians, 2 Corinthians, Galatians, Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians, 1 Thessalonians, 2 Thessalonians, 1 Timothy (1st letter), 2 Timothy (2nd letter), Titus (1st letter), Philemon (letter to Philemon)
General epistles – Hebrews (unidentified author), James, 1 Peter (1st letter), 2 Peter (2nd letter), 1 John (1st letter), 2 John (2nd letter), 3 John (3rd letter), Jude
Authors of NT Books
- Matthew: Disciple of Jesus, witness to his ministry and resurrection.
- Mark: Disciple of Peter, eyewitness to the life of Christ.
- Luke: Companion of Paul, research into eyewitnesses accounts.
- John: Apostle of Jesus, a witness to his life and death and resurrection. Also wrote 3 letters in the New Testament.
- Paul: Not one of the original 12 disciples but persecuted Christians until an encounter with Jesus on the road to Damascus that changed everything for him. Later he traveled around preaching about Jesus. Aimed at spreading Christianity among non-Jews. Wrote 13 letters in the New Testament.
- James (brother of Jesus): Wrote one letter in the New Testament, including teachings on Christian living.
- Peter (Simon): One of the Twelve Apostles who witnessed the life and ministry of Christ firsthand. Wrote two letters in the New Testament called 1st and 2nd Peter to encourage believers during times of suffering or persecution.
- Jude (brother/cousin?): Informed Christians about certain people who would rise among them, perverting grace and denying Christ’s deity as well as His humanity. Wrote one letter in NT encouraging followers with salvation story so that they might defend against false teachers by emphasizing faithfulness to God’s Word, God’s love for believers and His judgment upon unbelievers.
In what order should I read the New Testament?
Depending on your purpose, there are several ways you can read the New Testament books.
If you’re reading to get an overview of Jesus and his teachings, start with the four gospel books: Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John. After those, continue with Acts for the story of Jesus’s followers after he was crucified.
Then read Hebrews, which makes a clear case for Christ being our sole mediator between God and man. Finally, finish with Romans, which covers both basic doctrine and practical living.
You can also try reading one letter per day in order, without regard to doctrinal content or authorial attribution—just go straight through from Romans to Jude in order.
If you want to be instructed as a Christian in practical matters like how to handle money or talk about your faith with outsiders or how to deal with trials and persecution then some good choices would be James; 1-2 Thessalonians; Titus; Hebrews; 1-3 John; Philemon; 2 Corinthians; Galatians; Philippians.
New Testament Books of the Bible – Song
To recap, the New Testament contains books that record Jesus’ life and teachings, as well as providing an account of the early Christian church. There are four different genres of books in the New Testament:
- The gospels tell about Jesus’ life and teachings from different perspectives.
- The book of Acts tells how Christianity began to spread beyond its original Jewish base in Jerusalem to reach out to non-Jews.
- Epistles are letters written by some of Jesus’ early followers, many of whom had seen him or had known others who did see him. These letters encouraged Christians with their message and dealt with problems they faced. In addition to Paul’s letters, there are other epistles attributed to Peter and John.
- Finally, there is a small collection of apocalyptic literature at the end of the Bible that we sometimes call “prophecy,” including Revelation (or Apocalypse).